Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains Main findings and recommendations
Several systems to define and monitor performance and progress towards sustainability of bioenergy have been developed for implementation at different scales, including operations, landscapes or jurisdictions. Some are formalised systems (e.g. GBEP 2011; RSB 2016; ISO 2015; ASTM 2016; SBP 2019) while others are inputs made through the scientific literature (McBride et al. 2012; Dale et al. 2015; Lattimore et al. 2009; Mead & Smith 2012). Even if much has been achieved, there are still challenges associated with understanding, defining, measuring, and governing and communicating sustainability of bioenergy (IEA Roadmap 2017). This has led to very different perceptions of sustainability of bioenergy in society, with a pronounced lack of trust in potential benefit within some groups (Mai-Moulin et al. 2019).